Two figures in Western thought loom higher than any others: Aristotle and Plato. Together, they have inspired and influenced people across the ages. However, they have appealed to two starkly different types of intellectuals: the merchant and the slave master. Plato Plato
Plato lived in Athens some 2,400 years ago and has left a lasting mark on our civilization. His grand idea was that the reality we observe with our senses is not objective, but a cheap and dirty copy of an ideal world of forms living up in idea heaven.
According to Plato, only a refined class of philosophers has access to this world of forms through mystical revelation. Therefore, he proposed a society where property, women, and children were communally owned. The state is governed by elite of philosopher-kings, who rule over the ordinary less intelligent, people.
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